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2 edition of Transcription and translation from a symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium leguminosarum. found in the catalog.

Transcription and translation from a symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium leguminosarum.

E. A. Mudd

Transcription and translation from a symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium leguminosarum.

by E. A. Mudd

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Published by University of East Anglia in Norwich .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.), School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, 1985.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14509099M

Rhizobium etli occurs either in a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with its host plant, Phaseolus vulgaris, or free-living in the soil. During both conditions, the bacterium has been suggested to reside primarily in a nongrowing state. Using genome-wide transcriptome profiles, we here examine the molecular basis of the physiological adaptations of rhizobia to nongrowth inside and outside of the by:   Rhizobium leguminosarum is a Gram-negative soil bacterium which forms a mutualistic symbiosis with legumes, resulting in nitrogen-fixing root nodules. This symbiotic relationship is initiated by an exchange of signals between the two partners. While the general features of this signal exchange are common to all rhizobia-plant symbioses, differences in the signalling molecules allow Cited by:

  The rhizosphere is the microbe-rich zone around plant roots and is a key determinant of the biosphere's productivity. Comparative transcriptomics was used to investigate general and plant-specific adaptations during rhizosphere colonization. Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae was grown in the rhizospheres of pea (its legume nodulation host), alfalfa (a non-host legume) and sugar beet . PERRET el al.: REGULATION OF EXPRESSION OF SYMBIOTIC GENES IN RHIZOBIUM 11 03 as a repressor of several Nod factor biosynthetic genes, NodD2 also activates the transcription from a few distinct by:

  The Rhizobium-legume symbiosis culminates in the exchange of nutrients in the root nodule. Bacteria within the nodule reduce molecular nitrogen for plant use and plants provide bacteria with carbon-containing compounds. Following the initial signaling events that lead to plant infection, little is known about the plant requirements for establishment and maintenance of the by:   Symbiotic bacteria, commonly called rhizobia, lead a saprophytic lifestyle in the soil and form nitrogen-fixing nodules on legume roots. During their lifecycle, rhizobia have to adapt to different conditions prevailing in the soils and within host plants. To survive under these conditions, rhizobia fine-tune the regulatory machinery to respond rapidly and adequately to environmental : Paulina Lipa, Monika Janczarek.


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Transcription and translation from a symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium leguminosarum by E. A. Mudd Download PDF EPUB FB2

Commonly, genes for symbiosis are harbored on large symbiotic plasmids. Although the transfer of symbiotic plasmids is commonly detected in nature, there are few experimentally characterized examples.

In Rhizobium etli, the product of rctA inhibits the conjugation of the symbiotic plasmid by reducing the transcription of the virB by: Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae is a native soil bacterium that can enter nitrogen-fixing symbioses (root nodules) with several legumes such as Pisum, Vicia, and Lens spp.

It generally contains 1 to 10 plasmids which vary in size from 30 kb to more than kb (11, 12, 14).Most of the genes required for nodule formation (nod) and nitrogen fixation (nif and fix) are carried on a plasmid that Cited by: Rhizobium leguminosarum NodD binds to the nod box of the inducible nod gene nodA as a V-shaped tetramer and bends the nod box.

In this work, we show that the. The transcription of psrA itself appears to be constitutive in free-living Rhizobium, but is regulated by another gene on the Sym plasmid pRP2JI.

Discover the world's research 15+ million members. We show that an unusual transcriptional regulator, called IrrA, regulates many genes in the symbiotic N2-fixing bacterium Rhizobium leguminosarum in response to iron availability.

Several operons in R. leguminosarum are expressed at lower levels in cells grown in Fe-depleted compared to Fe-replete medium. These include hemA1, which encodes the haem biosynthesis enzyme amino Cited by:   A region of kb of the Sym(biosis) plasmid pRL1JI of Rhizobium leguminosarum, consisting of the established kb nodulation region which confers nodulation ability on Vicia hirsuta and a region of kb which appeared to be necessary for nodulation on V.

sativa and Trifolium subterraneum, was subcloned as fragments of maximally kb in a newly developed IncQ Cited by: The bacterial strains and plasmids used in this work are listed in Table 1.

Escherichia coli strains were cultured in LB (modified Lysogeny Broth) medium (Sambrook et al., ) at 37 °C.

Rhizobium leguminosarum strains were cultured in TY medium (Beringer, ) at 30 °C. Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains were cultured in TY or Penassay (Difco™ antibiotic medium 3) media at 30 ° by: 6. Indian Journal of Experimental Biol Rolfe B., Gresshoff P.

and Shine J. () Rapid screening for symbiotic mutants of Rhizobium and white clover. Plant Science Lett Schofield P., Djordjevic M., Rolfe B., Shine J. and Watson J. () A molecular linkage map of nitrogenase and nodulation genes in Rhizobium by: 9.

Rhizobium leguminosarum is a streptomycin-resistant strain of nosarum bv. phaseoli cured of its Sym plasmid (30); nosarum bv. viciae is a wild-type isolate which contains the Sym plasmid pRL1JI (31); strain JM was used as the source of purified RNAP.

Plasmid pIJ was consructed from pKT with a kb. plasmids and isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae from field populations. Microbiology Soberón, N., T. Venkova-Canova, M.A. Ramírez-Romero, J. Téllez-Sosa, and M.A. Cevallos. () Incompatibility and the partitioning site of the repABC basic replicon of the symbiotic plasmid from Rhizobium etli.

Plasmid Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii is a soil bacterium capable of establishing symbiotic associations with clover plants (Trifolium spp.). Surface polysaccharides, transport systems, and extracellular components synthesized by this bacterium are required for both the adaptation to changing environmental conditions and successful infection of host plant roots.

The pssZ gene located in the Cited by: 1. Rhizobium leguminosarum is an α-proteobacterial N2-fixing symbiont of legumes that has been the subject of more than a thousand publications. Genes for the symbiotic interaction with plants are well studied, but the adaptations that allow survival and growth in the soil environment are poorly understood.

We have sequenced the genome of R. leguminosarum biovar viciae strain Cited by: Regulation of flagellar and chemotaxis genes in Rhizobium leguminosarum Kate L.

Del Bel1, Denise E. Bustard1, Paige R. Greenwood1, Lance 2, Christopher K. Yost3 and Michael F. Hynes1. 1 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary 2 Department of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology 3 Department of Biology, University of Regina.

The acidic exopolysaccharide (EPS) secreted in large amounts by the symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii is required for the establishment of an effective symbiosis with the host plant Trifolium spp. EPS biosynthesis in rhizobia is a very complex process regulated at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels and influenced by various nutritional Cited by:   Rhizobium leguminosarum bv.

trifolii is a soil bacterium capable of establishing a symbiotic relationship with red clover (Trifolium pratense). The presence of surface polysaccharides and other extracellular components as well as motility and competitiveness are essential traits for both adaptation of this bacterium to changing environmental conditions and successful infection of host Cited by:   transcription factor; protein structure; The symbiosis between rhizobial bacteria from the Rhizobium, Sinorhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Azorhizobium, and Bradyrhizobium genera and leguminous plants leads to the formation of root nodules (1, 2).These plant organs are specialized for nitrogen fixation and assimilation and are of major ecological and agricultural importance.

Genes of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae VF39 coding for the regulatory elements NifA, FixL and FixK were isolated, sequenced and genetically analysed. The fixK–fixL region is located upstream o. Microarray analysis of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv.

pSym Symbiotic plasmid differentially expressed genes by quantitative real time-reverse transcription PCR and microarray. Figure Experimental design for direct comparison of Rlv grown in.

Abstract. This review focuses on the functions of nodulation (nod) genes in the interaction between rhizobia and nod genes are the key bacterial determinants of the signal exchange between the two symbiotic partners. The product of the nodD gene is a transcriptional activator protein that functions as receptor for a flavonoid plant by: Developing improved rhizobium bio-inoculants has been the topic of a few recent reviews and book chapters (Lupwayi et al.

in Sinorhizobium meliloti strain alters transcription and translation. Appl. Transposon mediation allows a symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii to become a symbiosis Cited by:.

Rhizobium leguminosarum. which were associated with groundnut. All the strains showed growth in three days and turned the yeast extract mannitol agar media containing bromothymol blue to yellow colour confirming that all were fast growers and acid producers as reported by Alemayehu [23].File Size: KB.We report the complete se quence of the symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium etli CFN42, a microsymbiont of beans, and a comparison with other SGC sequences available.

Results: The symbiotic plasmid is a circular molecu le ofbase-pairs containing coding sequences. Nodulation and nitrogen-fixation genes common to other rhizobia are.(Hanson ).

Strains of the symbiotic partner of lucerne, Rhizobium meliloti, are fast-growing rhizobia and constitute, on the basis of symbiotic properties, numerical taxonomy, nucleic acid hybridization and genetic studies, a homogenous cluster clearly different from the R.

leguminosaruin grouping of strains of R. leguminosarum,Cited by: